Friday, December 21, 2018

Text books for M.Sc Psychology,%20Psychology/DPSY01%20General%20Psychology.pdf,%20Psychology/DPSY02%20P-II%20Developmental%20Psychology.pdf,%20Psychology/DPSY03%20P-III%20Personality.pdf,%20Psychology/DPSY04%20P-IV%20Social%20Psychology.pdf

National Testing Agency is doing tremendous job

National Testing Agency is doing tremendous job to fulfil the vision of government to conduct fair, transparent and user-friendly examinations in the country – Shri Prakash Javadekar

Union HRD Minister Shri Prakash Javadekar, made his first visit to National Testing Agency (NTA) today. While addressing the gathering the Minister said that the establishment of the NTA is in line with the vision of our Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi to conduct fair, transparent and user-friendly examinations and NTA is doing this job perfectly. He said that the Ministry has established National Testing Agency (NTA), as an independent, autonomous and self-sustained organisation to conduct efficient, transparent and international standard tests in order to assess the competency of candidates. The Minister said that NTA will bring out the best practices in conducting examinations like Psychometric data analysis of previous years’ performance of candidates and its interpretations in the light of question papers, etc.
He said that the first major examination, viz. UGC-NET, December 2018 is currently under way since 18th December 2018. Before this the NTA conducted examinations for SWAYAM on 1-2 December 2018 in which about 3800 candidates participated in 90 subjects. He further informed that the major examinations to be conducted by NTA include University Grant Commission-NET Eligibility (UGC-NET), JEE (Main), CMAT, GPAT and NEET.
He also informed that for the first time in nationwide professional examinations, CCTV Surveillance through more than 8000 CCTV cameras is beingdone for approximately 600 examination centres spread all over India. The main aim for having live CCTV surveillance system in each of the exam rooms of these examination centres is to ensure fair examination and curb malpractices in the examinations. Also, NTA has established a network of more than 4000 Test Practice Centres, especially for students of rural areas, so that candidates have an opportunity to practice on computers before the exam.

Important Pre-Examination Activity
The following Pre-Examination activities have been taken up to ensure smooth, fair and valid examinations.
Psychometric data analysis of previous years’ performance will be done.
Question paper analysis and its co-relation to the blue-print and sharing thereof.
Orientation of all “Paper Setters” to ensure item-writing is qualitatively improved for the current cycle.
NTA’s first major Examination
UGC-NET December 2018 is conducted by the NTA in Computer Based Technology mode for the first time.
About 9.5 lakh test takers will take the test between 18th and 22nd December in two shifts on each day. There are 10 shifts and in each shift about 95,000 examinees will be appearing. On day one there were28 subjects scheduled for testing in two shifts. On days two, three, four, five these numbers are 19, 24, 9, 4 and 1 respectively. Overall, there are 85 subjects being tested. These exams are beingconducted in 598 centres in 295 cities across the country every day. There used to be about 91 cities earlier.
The NTA has made elaborate preparations to conduct these examinations in free, fair, transparent and scientific manner through NTA Control Room, 24 State Coordinators, 295 City Coordinators and 742 Observers.
The State Level Co-ordinators, who are senior Principals will anchor NTA-CBT at the State Level, by bridging between CCCs and NTA Control Room, gain an understanding of end to end CBT process, and ensure compliance through CCCs (Certified City Coordinators). The SCs will stay connected with NTA control room through video conferencing and stay connected till end of the examination on each exam day.
The Principals who are acting as CCCs will visit all the test centres assigned to them during each shift, oversee and report status updates to CSCs, act as a link between the Test Centre and NTA though State Coordinators. They will remain connected with Observers and Centres in their city, and maintain interaction as recommended.
1400 Observers have been oriented in a 3-hour session at 13 venues across the country.
500 Observers who could not attend orientation in face to face mode have been oriented in the virtual mode through ‘hangouts and video-conferencing’.These Observers are Professors/Associate Professors/Assistant Professors of School/Universities/Deemed University/Private Aided Colleges and Private Un-aided Colleges.
Provision of live CCTV-
The NTA has made arrangementsfor live viewing at remote location and recordingCCTVs Systems of almost all examination centres at control room situated in the NTA. Simultaneously, there is recording of live CCTV footage.
Test Practice Centres for Mock Tests-
As decided by the MHRD,NTA hasestablished a network of more than 4000 Test Practice Centres. These TPCs are opened on Saturdays/Sundays, and any student can use the facility free of charge.
NTA made Notification/s, inviting candidates, desiring to appear in various competitive examinations, conducted by NTA, to register online, for using TPC for practice. In addition, the NTA has also provided a mobile app to allow for ease of registration. So far about99739 candidates have availed this facility in TPCs.

In order to stop cheating using mobile networks, Jammers have been installed in all the Centres. A total of about 40000 jammers have been put in place during various shifts of examination.
Announcement of Results
The results of UGC-NET December 2018 Examination will be announced before 10th January 2019.
NTAs next major Examination NTAs next major examination is JEE (Main) which is schedule to be held from 8th – 12th January 2019. Preparations are underway for the same.
Salient Details of UGC-NET December 2018 Examination are as below-

Number of Subjects : 85
Number of Centres : 598
Number of Cities : 235
Max Candidates at one centre – 25076 in 10 Shifts at Kolkata
Min Candidates at one centre – 23 in 1 Shift at Tripura

Dedicated call centre and mobile application to be launched soon to attract more foreign students under Study in India Programme

Under Study in India Programme launched on 18.04.2018 with the aim to increase the inflow of inbound foreign students in India and rebranding India as a preferred destination/education hub for foreign students, a dedicated call centre is set to get launched by the end of December 2018. A mobile application capturing broad features of the Study in India website is also being worked upon and may be launched before the start of new academic cycle.
The Government of India has taken various steps for increasing the inflow of foreign students in the country. MHRD has launched Study in India Programme on 18.04.2018 with the aim to make India an education hub for foreign students by way of increasing the inflow of inbound International Students through systematic brand building, marketing, social media and digital marketing campaigns. The programme focuses on attracting foreign students from select 30 plus countries. The programme envisages participation of select reputed Indian institutes/universities by way of offering seats for the International students at affordable rates, along with fee waivers to meritorious foreign students ranging from 100% to 25%. A centralised admission web-portal( acts as a single window for the admission of foreign students. In the first round, more than 5000 foreign students have been placed in different institutions in the year 2018-19.
MHRD has also launched (in October, 2018) a Scheme for Promotion of Academic and Research Collaboration (SPARC)o
SchemeAS, which aims at improving the research ecosystem of India’s higher educational institutions by facilitating academic and research collaborations between top ranked Indian Institutions and the best institutions in the world from 28 selected countries. The Joint Research Projects involve the mobility of students/faculty for long term research and teaching activities. Under SPARC, foreign students and faculty members are given adequate incentives for their participation in the joint research project. More details may be accessed on

Recently, the University Grants Commission (UGC) has granted autonomy to 76 Educational Institutions (as per data up to 26.07.2018) which have maintained high academic standards. UGC has categorized Universities into three categories: Category-I, Category-II, and Category-III. Universities coming under Category-I and Category-II may hire, without approval of UGC, foreign faculty upto twenty percent over and above of their sanctioned faculty strength. They shall also be free to admit foreign students on merit, subject to a maximum of twenty percent over and above of the strength of their approved domestic students.
Six institutions have recently been accredited the status of Institutes of Eminence (IoE) by the Ministry of Human Resource Development. There is a provision of greater autonomy including the provision of admitting foreign students upto 30% of admitted students; to recruit foreign faculty upto 25% of faculty strength; free to fix and charge fees from foreign students without restriction; flexibility of course structure in terms of number of credit hours and years to take a degree; complete flexibility in fixing of curriculum and syllabus, etc.
To attract foreign students in IITs, the Joint Entrance Examination, JEE(Advanced) examinations are being conducted in six examination centres abroad at Addis Ababa (Ethiopia), Kathmandu (Nepal), Singapore, Dubai (United Arab Emirates), Dhaka (Bangladesh), and Colombo (Sri Lanka). Supernumerary seats with a cap of 10% of total number of seats in each course are available to foreign students, who are allowed to appear in JEE (Advanced) directly without appearing in the JEE (Main). Similarly, Graduate Aptitude Test for Engineering (GATE), an entrance examination for admission into the M.Tech. programmes in IITs and other Centrally Funded Technical Institutions, is also conducted at these centres abroad.
Other initiatives of Government of India include Study Webs of Active –Learning for Young Aspiring Minds (SWAYAM), SWAYAM PRABHA, Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan (RUSA), Unnat Bharat Abhiyan (UBA), Impactful Policy Research in Social Science (IMPRESS), IMPacting Research INnovation and Technology (IMPRINT), Leadership for Academicians Program (LEAP), Annual Refresher Programme In Teaching (ARPIT), National Academic Depository (NAD), National Digital Library of India (NDL), etc. Besides these Government of India initiatives, several regulations are issued by the UGC and All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) for improvement of standards of quality higher education in the country. National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) and National Board of Accreditation (NBA) also ensure quality of higher education in the country. One of the benefits of these initiatives is that more foreign students are attracted to pursue higher education in India.
Standing Finance Committee (SFC) in its meeting dated 15.03.2018 has approved a budget of ₹150 crores for academic years 2018-19 and 2019-20 for the Study in India Programme.

Samagra Shiksha Scheme running successfully to ensure inclusive and equitable quality education at all levels of school education

Samagra Shiksha - an Integrated Scheme for School Education has been launched throughout the country as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme with effect from the year 2018-19. This programme subsumes the three erstwhile Centrally Sponsored Schemes of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) and Teacher Education (TE). It is an overarching programme for the school education sector extending from pre-school to class XII and aims to ensure inclusive and equitable quality education at all levels of school education. It envisages the ‘school’ as a continuum from pre-school, primary, upper primary, secondary to senior secondary levels. The States/UTs are assisted by the central government to implement the Samagra Shiksha as a programme for providing universal access and retention, bridging of gender and social category gaps in education and enhancement of learning level of children at all levels of school education.
The major interventions under the scheme are: (i) Universal Access including Infrastructure Development and Retention; (ii) Gender and Equity; (iii) Inclusive Education; (iv) Quality; (v) Financial support for Teacher Salary; (vi) Digital initiatives; (vii) Entitlements under the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009 including uniforms, textbooks etc.;(viii) Pre-school Education; (ix) Vocational Education; (x) Sports and Physical Education; and (xi) Strengthening of Teacher Education and Training. The main emphasis of the Scheme is on improving quality of school education and the strategy of all interventions would be to enhance the Learning Outcomes at all levels of schooling.
The major features of Samagra Shiksha are as under:-
Annual Grant of Rs. 5,000 to Rs. 20,000/- per school for strengthening of Libraries.
Composite school grant increased from Rs. 14,500-50,000 to Rs. 25,000-1 Lakh and to be allocated on the basis of school enrolment.
Annual Grant for sports equipments at the cost of Rs. 5000 for Primary Schools, Rs. 10,000 for upper primary schools and up to Rs. 25,000 for secondary and senior secondary schools.
Allocation for children with Special Needs (CwSN) increased from Rs. 3,000 to Rs. 3,500 per child per annum including a stipend of Rs. 200 per month for CWSN girls to be provided from Classes I to XII – earlier it was only for classes IX to XII.
Allocation for uniforms enhanced from Rs. 400 to Rs. 600 per child per annum.
Allocation for textbooks enhanced from Rs. 150/250 to Rs. 250/400 per child per annum.
Upgradation of Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalayas (KGBVs) from Class 6-8 to Class 6-12.
Strengthening Teacher Education Institutions like SCERTs and DIETs to improve the quality of teachers with SCERT as the nodal institution for in-service and pre-service teacher training
Enhanced use of digital technology in education through smart classrooms, digital boards and DTH channels.
Preference for opening of new school is given to tribal areas, and areas with high concentration of Scheduled Caste (SC), Scheduled Tribe (ST) and minority population. The districts with high concentration of population of SCs, STs and Muslims have been identified as Special Focus Districts (SFDs) for ensuring equity and inclusion at all levels of school education. Provisions have also been made for 1020 residential schools/hostels for children living in sparsely populated areas, children living in areas where schools cannot be opened due to unavailability of land and children in need of care and protection.

The RTE Act also provides for Special Training for age-appropriate admission of out-of-school children including children of disadvantaged groups in urban and rural areas. Approval has been given for special training of 8.08 lakh children with the financial outlay of Rs. 56353.95 lakh in 2018-19.
During 2018-19 an amount of Rs. 19668.26 crore has been released (as on 30.11.2018) to States/UTs as central share against the total Budget of Rs. 30891.81 crore for implementation of various interventions under Samagra Shiksha.

Several scholarship schemes running successfully for students belonging to Scheduled Castes in Higher Education

The Government through the following ongoing schemes provides scholarships for higher education to students belonging to Scheduled Castes:
(i) Post-Matric Scholarship Scheme for SC Students.
Under the scheme, scholarship towards tuition & compulsory non-refundable fees and maintenance allowance, is provided to the eligible Scheduled Castes students, for pursuing higher education. The Scheduled Castes students having family income up to Rs. 2.5 lakh per annum are eligible for scholarship.
(ii) Central Sector Scheme of Top Class Education for SC Students:
Under the scheme, full financial support is provided to eligible Scheduled Castes students for pursuing studies beyond 12th class in 220 top class institutions such as, Indian Institute of Management (IIMs), Indian Institute of Technology (IITs), National Institute of Technology (NITs), National Institute of Fashion Technology (NIFTs), National Law Universities (NLUs), reputed Medial/Law and other institutes of excellence, etc. The Scheduled Castes students having family income up to Rs. 6.0 lakh per annum are eligible for scholarship.
(iii) National Overseas Scholarship Scheme for SC:
Under the scheme, assistance is provided to the selected Scheduled Caste, Denotified, Nomadic, semi-nomadic tribes, landless agricultural labourers and traditional artisan’s students, for pursuing Master level courses and Ph.D programmes abroad in specified fields of study. The Scheme is operated through Indian Missions abroad.
(iv) National Fellowship Scheme for SC students
The Scheme provides financial assistance to Scheduled Caste students for pursuing research studies leading to M.Phil., Ph.D. and equivalent research degree in universities, research institutions and scientific institutions. Under the scheme, 2000 Research Fellowships (Junior Research Fellows) per year is provided to the Scheduled Caste Students.
Under the above schemes, there is no provision for ensuring placement of students after completion of higher education.

మాన‌వ వ‌న‌రుల అభివృద్ధి రంగం లో భార‌త‌దేశం, అఫ్గానిస్తాన్ ల అవ‌గాహ‌నపూర్వక ఒప్పంద ప‌త్రానికి ఆమోదం తెలిపిన మంత్రివర్గం

మాన‌వ వ‌న‌రుల అభివృద్ధి రంగం లో భార‌త‌దేశం, అఫ్గానిస్తాన్ ల మధ్య స‌హ‌కారానికి సంబంధించిన అవ‌గాహ‌న ఒప్పంద ప‌త్రానికి (ఎంఒయు కు) ప్ర‌ధాన మంత్రి శ్రీ న‌రేంద్ర మోదీ అధ్యక్షతన జరిగిన కేంద్ర మంత్రివర్గ స‌మావేశం ఆమోదాన్ని తెలిపింది. 

ఈ ఎంఒయు ఫలితం గా అఫ్గానిస్తాన్ లోని విద్యార్థులు, అధ్యాపకులు స్వ‌యం కోర్సుల్లో త‌మ పేర్ల‌ ను న‌మోదు చేసుకొని వాటిని పూర్తి చేయ‌వ‌చ్చు. అంతే కాదు ఈ ఎంవోయు కార‌ణంగా ఆప్ఘ‌నిస్థాన్ లో అభివృద్ధి చేసిన కోర్సుల‌ను ‘స్వ‌యం’లో అప్ లోడ్ చేయ‌వ‌చ్చు.  భార‌త ప్ర‌భుత్వానికి చెందిన హెచ్ ఆర్ డి మంత్రిత్వ శాఖ అఫ్గానిస్తాన్ విద్యార్థుల‌కు, అధ్యాప‌కుల‌కు అవ‌స‌ర‌మైన శిక్ష‌ణ‌ను అందిస్తుంది. 
ఐసిటి కార్య‌క్ర‌మాలైన జాతీయ డిజిట‌ల్ గ్రంథాల‌యం ( నేశన‌ల్ డిజిట‌ల్ లైబ్ర‌రీ ఆఫ్ ఇండియా.. ఎన్ డిఎల్ఐ), వర్చువ‌ల్ ల్యాబ్స్‌, స్పోకెన్ ట్యుటోరియ‌ల్స్ లాంటి ప్ర‌ధాన‌మైన విద్యారంగ కార్య‌క్ర‌మాల‌కు సంబంధించిన సాంకేతిక‌త.. ఈ ఎంఒయు ద్వారా అఫ్గానిస్తాన్ కు అందుబాటు లోకి వ‌స్తుంది. అంతే కాదు దీనిని వారి తో పంచుకోవ‌వ‌డం జ‌రుగుతుంది. భార‌త‌దేశ‌ం, అఫ్గానిస్తాన్ ల‌ లోని విశ్వ‌విద్యాల‌యాలు, విద్యాసంస్థ‌ల మ‌ధ్య‌ ఉమ్మ‌డిగా మాస్ట‌ర్ డిగ్రీ ప్రోగ్రాముల‌ను ప్రారంభించాల‌నే ప్ర‌తిపాద‌న‌ ను కూడా చేయ‌డం జ‌రిగింది. పాఠ్య‌ ప్ర‌ణాళిక రూప‌క‌ల్ప‌న‌, ఉపాధ్యాయుల స‌మ‌ర్థ‌త‌ ను పెంచ‌డం మొద‌లైన అంశాల్లో అఫ్గానిస్తాన్ ఉన్న‌త విద్య శాఖ‌ కు భార‌త‌దేశ మాన‌వ‌ వ‌న‌రుల అభివృద్ధి శాఖ సాయం చేస్తుంది.
విద్యా స‌ంబంధిత అర్హ‌త‌ల‌ను ప‌ర‌స్పరం గుర్తించాలనే ఒప్పందం మీద ఇరు దేశాలు సంత‌కాలు చేయాల‌ని ఈ ఎంఒయు లో అంగీక‌రించ‌డం జ‌రిగింది.  భార‌త‌దేశంలో విద్య‌ ను అభ్య‌సించండి అనే భార‌త‌దేశ కార్య‌క్ర‌మం ప‌ట్ల విద్యార్థుల్లో ఆస‌క్తి ని పెంచ‌డాన్ని ఇది ప్రోత్స‌హిస్తుంద‌ని భావిస్తున్నారు.  అంతే కాక అఫ్గానిస్తాన్ విద్యాసంస్థ‌ల్లో విద్య‌ ను నభ్య‌సించ‌డానికి వీలు గా విదేశీ విద్యార్థుల‌ ను ఆకర్షించ‌డం జ‌రుగుతుంది. 
ఈ ఎంఒయు ఇరు దేశాల విద్యారంగ సంబంధ స‌హ‌కారం లో ఒక ముఖ్య‌మైన మైలురాయి లాగా నిలచిపోనుంది. 
విద్యారంగం తో పాటు ప‌లు రంగాల్లో భార‌తదేశం, అఫ్గానిస్తాన్ ల మ‌ధ్య‌ బ‌ల‌మైన దౌత్య‌ సంబంధాలు ఉన్నాయి. ఈ సంబంధాలను మ‌రింత బ‌లోపేతం చేయ‌డానికిగాను ఎంఒయు మీద సంత‌కాలు చేయ‌డం ద్వారా మాన‌వ వ‌న‌రుల అభివృద్ధి రంగం లో స‌హ‌క‌రించుకోవాల‌ని ఉభయ దేశాలు నిర్ణ‌యించాయి. 
భార‌త ప్ర‌భుత్వానికి చెందిన మాన‌వ వ‌న‌రుల అభివృద్ధి మంత్రిత్వ‌ శాఖ అనేక సాంకేతిక ఆధారిత కార్య‌క్ర‌మాల‌ను చేప‌ట్ట‌డం జ‌రిగింది.  ఐసిటి ద్వారా జాతీయ విద్యా మిశన్ కింద ఈ కార్య‌క్ర‌మాల‌ను చేప‌ట్ట‌డం జ‌రిగింది.  ఈ కార్య‌క్ర‌మాల్లో ముఖ్య‌మైంది ‘స్వ‌యం’.  ఇది భార‌త‌దేశానికి చెందిన మాసివ్ ఓపెన్ ఆన్ లైన్ కోర్సెస్ ప్లాట్‌ఫార్మ్ గా ఉంది.  భార‌త‌దేశ వ్యాప్తంగా ఉన్నటువంటి ఉత్త‌మ అధ్యాప‌కులు రూపుదిద్దిన ఆన్ లైన్ కోర్సుల‌ను ఈ ప్లాట్ ఫార్మ్ ద్వారా అందించ‌డం జ‌రుగుతోంది.  ఇంత‌వ‌ర‌కు ‘స్వ‌యం’ ద్వారా అందిస్తున్న 2 వేల కోర్సుల్లో 35 ల‌క్ష‌ల మంది విద్యార్థులు వారి పేర్ల‌ ను న‌మోదు చేసుకున్నారు.  వీటి లో తొమ్మిదో త‌ర‌గ‌తి నుండి స్నాతకోత్తర విద్య వ‌ర‌కు ప్ర‌తి విద్యార్థి అభ్య‌సించే కోర్సు ల‌తో పాటు జీవితాంతం నేర్చుకునే స‌దుపాయం కూడా వుంది. ‘స్వ‌యం’ ద్వారా చేసే కోర్సుల‌ కోసం 20 శాతం క్రెడిట్ బ‌దిలీ ని ఆయా విద్యార్థులు ఉప‌యోగించుకోవ‌చ్చు.  ఉన్న‌త విద్యారంగ అధ్యాప‌కుల‌కు యాన్యువ‌ల్ రిఫ్రెష‌ర్ కోర్సు ల‌ను అందించ‌డానికిగాను ఈ ప్లాట్ ఫార్మ్ ను ఉప‌యోగించ‌డం జ‌రుగుతోంది. 

Cabinet approves Memorandum of Understandingbetween India and Afghanistan in the field of human resource development

The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi today has given its approval for signing of Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between India and Afghanistan on cooperation in the field of Human Resource Development.
The MoU would facilitate students and faculty of Educational Institutions in Afghanistan to register and use the SWAYAM Courses. Also, it would facilitate them to upload on SWAYAM, the courses developed in Afghanistan. The required training to students and faculty from Afghanistan would be imparted by MHRD, Government of India.
Through this MoU, Government of India would provide access and share the technology of other major ICT Initiatives in Education such as National Digital Library of India (NDLI), Virtual Labs, Spoken Tutorials. It is also proposed to establish Joint Master Degree Programmes between Indian and Afghanistan Universities / Institutions. MHRD would assist the Ministry of Higher Education, Afghanistan in the areas of Curriculum Development and Capacity Development of Teaching Staff.
Through this MoU, both the countries agree to sign an agreement on mutual recognition of academic qualifications. This is expected to promote student mobility under Study in India program, by attracting more foreign students to come and study in Afghan Institutions.
This MoU would be a significant mile-stone in the collaboration between two countries in education sector.
India and Afghanistan have strong diplomatic relations in various areas including education. To strengthen this further, both the countries have decided to cooperate in the field of Human Resource Development by signing a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU).
Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Government of India has taken up number of technology enabled learning initiatives under National Mission on Education through ICT (NMEICT). SWAYAM, India's own MOOCs (Massive Open Online Courses) platform is one such major initiative, which offers various online courses prepared by the best faculty from across the country. Till date, more than 35 Lakhs students have enrolled in about 2000 courses that have been offered through SWAYAM. This includes courses from Class 9th to Post-Graduation and also for lifelong learning. The students can avail credit transfer upto 20 % for the courses done through SWAYAM. Also, this platform is being used to provide Annual Refresher courses for higher education faculty.

IMPRESS scheme has been launched to promote Social Science Research in the country

The Government has approved “Revitalising Infrastructure and Systems in Education by 2022”, as per which the scope of institutions to be funded through Higher Education Financing Agency (HEFA) has been enlarged to encompass School Education and Medical Education institutions, apart from Higher Education. The total authorized equity capital of HEFA has been raised to Rs.10,000 crore, with the facility to leverage additional resources from the market, based on requirement. A total Government equity of Rs. 6,000 Crore, has been approved. All funds for educational infrastructure in centrally funded educational institutions will henceforth be in the form of ten year loans through HEFA to the institution, the interest liability of which would be borne by the Government. The principal repayment would be undertaken by the institutions in part or full depending on their age profile and financial capability. For new institutions and those which have limited internal fund generating capacity, the entire principal and interest repayment would be undertaken by the Government. There is an additional window of financing for school and medical education institutions where the sponsoring Department would undertake to repay the principal and interest to HEFA. So far, HEFA has approved projects of Rs. 24430 Crore with total loan amount of Rs. 12307 Crore.
The Government of India, in August 2018, had sanctioned the scheme “Impactful Policy Research in Social Sciences (IMPRESS)” at a total cost of Rs. 414 Cr for implementation up to 31.03.2021. Under the Scheme, 1500 research projects will be awarded for 2 years to support the social science research in the higher educational institutions and to enable research to guide policy making.
The Indian Council of Social Science and Research (ICSSR) will be the project implementing agency.
The broad objectives of the scheme are:
To identify and fund research proposals in social sciences with maximum impact on the governance and society.
To focus research on (11) broad thematic areas such as : State and Democracy, Urban transformation, Media, Culture and Society, Employment, Skills and Rural transformation , Governance, Innovation and Public Policy, Growth, Macro-trade and Economic Policy, Agriculture and Rural Development, Health and Environment, Science and Education, Social Media and Technology, Politics, Law and Economics. The sub- theme areas will be decided on the basis of Expert Groups’ advice before notifying the scheme and calling for applications.
To ensure selection of projects through a transparent, competitive process on online mode.
To provide opportunity for social science researchers in any institution in the country, including all Universities (Central and State), private institutions with 12(B) status conferred by UGC.
ICSSR funded/ recognized research institutes will also be eligible to submit research proposals on the given themes and sub-themes.
The following will be the modalities for implementation:-
There will be (4) calls for proposals- October, 2018, February 2019, September 2019 and February 2020. The process of evaluation of the proposals and selection will be completed within 90 days from the date of call for proposals.
The experts for evaluation of proposals will be persons of eminence and selected using objective criteria.
There will be a regular monitoring of the progress of projects using the online portal, in which the progress can be directly updated by the Project Coordinator.
There will be a third party evaluation of the projects in March 2021.

Several steps have been taken to promote e-Education in the country

The key e-Learning Projects being run by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) are as follows:

ICT in Education Curricula for School system:
ICT in Education Curricula for students, teachers and teacher educators has been developed at the national level and being implemented across the country. 805 MRPs/ KRPs of thirty six States/UTs were oriented on ICT curriculum for students and teachers and their roll out in respective states. Guidelines for teacher, student and schools on cyber safety and security have been published.
e-pathshala has been developed by NCERT (National Council for Educational Research and Training) for showcasing and disseminating all educational e-resources including textbooks, audio, video, periodicals and a variety of other print and non-print materials. So far, 3444 audios and videos, 698 e-books (e-pubs) and 504 flip books have been made available on the portal and mobile app.
Shagun portal:
A web portal called ShaGun (from the words Shaala and Gunvatta) which has two parts, one of which is a Repository of good practices, photographs, videos, studies, newspaper articles etc on school education, State /UT wise has been developed which is in public domain. Its purpose is to showcase success stories and also to provide a platform for all stakeholders to learn from each other. This also instills a positive competitive spirit among all the States and UTs.
National Repository of Open Educational Resources (NROER) –
The National Repository of Open Educational Resources (NROER) is an initiative to bring together all digital and digitisable resources across all stages of school education and teacher education. So far, 13635 files including 401 collections, 2722 documents, 565 interactive, 1664 audios, 2581 images and 6105 videos have been made available over the portal. State/ UTs are motivated to contribute resources on NROER and create OERs for their own State/ UT.
The ‘Study Webs of Active Learning for Young Aspiring Minds’ (SWAYAM) an integrated platform for online courses, using Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and covering school (9th to 12th) to Post Graduate Level. SWAYAM provides one integrated platform and portal for online courses, using information and communication technology (ICT) and covering all higher education subjects and skill sector courses to ensure that the every student in the country has access to the best quality higher education at affordable cost. It also offers online courses for students, teachers and teacher educators. It may be accessed on Besides, National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) is promoting education through e-learning methods by providing courses on Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) on the portal. There are 44 courses of NIOS offered on SWAYAM platform – 14 at secondary level, 16 at senior secondary level, 4 vocational courses and 10 courses of Diploma in Elementary Education (D.El.Ed.).
A programme for utilization of satellite communication technologies for transmission of educational e-contents through 32 National Channels i.e. SWAYAM PRABHA DTH-TV has been launched.CIET-NCERT is the national coordinator for one DTH TV channel i.e., Kishore Manch (#31) and has started feeding a 24x7 educational TV channel w.e.f. 09.07.2018.
Everyday four hour fresh slot is telecast and repeated 5 more times in 24 hours to provide learning opportunities for the stake holders, as per their convenience. Besides, NIOS is running 5 channels for teachers, for secondary and senior secondary levels and for sign language.
National Digital Library (NDL):-
The National Digital Library of India (NDL) is a project to develop a framework of virtual repository of learning resources with a single-window search facility. There are more than 153 Lakh digital books available through the NDL. It may be accessed on

National Council for Educational Research & Training (NCERT) has developed a team of 800 teachers as State Resource Groups (SRGs) on ICT in Education across all 36 States/ UTs. NCERT is also developing MOOCs in 12 subject areas for classes IX – XII and capacity building courses for teachers. So far, 22 courses have been developed and completed in 2 cycles on SWAYAM platform. The web portal of e-pathshala has 3.74 crore visitors, 2.18 crore YouTube views, 1.82 million app downloads and a rating of 4.4 out of 5 on Google play store and 4.5 out of 5 on windows store. Also, 35,050 users have downloaded the “PINDICS” app of e-Pathshala from Google Play Store. Besides, NIOS is providing e-education to beneficiaries which include D.El.Ed course for 13.78 lakh in-service untrained teachers, 6632 at secondary level, 9978 at senior secondary level and 2293 for vocational education through MOOCs courses.

The ICT component of Centrally sponsored scheme of Samagra Shiskha envisages covering all Government and Government Aided schools from classes VI to XII and Teacher Education Institutions (TEIs), subject to the availability of budgetary provision. Further, University Grant Commission (UGC) has notified on 4th July, 2018 the regulation regarding the minimum standards of instruction for the grant of Certificate or Diploma or Degree, through online mode, delivered through interactive technology using internet

Process of filing applications for affiliation to CBSE made entirely online under new revamped system

Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has informed that as per Rule-11.1 of their revamped affiliation Bye-Laws, no School shall be affiliated to the Board without inspection by an inspection committee, of not less than two members, at least one of whom has to be an academician. The following are the broad heads which will be covered during the inspection by the inspection committee:
1. Available infrastructural facilities.
2. Actual enrolment of teachers and their qualifications.
3. Academic standards.
4. The process of teaching in the classes.
5. Record keeping
6. Books of Accounts to ensure whether school is maintaining its accounts separately from the society /trust/company running the school.
7. Provisions related to safety and security of children.
8. Implementation of the policies of inclusion in relation to the persons with disabilities.
9. Interaction with the members of the School Management Committee.
10. Any other areas specifically informed by the Board.
The applications for affiliation will take less time for disposal under new revamped process, which is entirely online from application to final decision.
This information was given by the Minister of State (HRD), Dr. Satya Pal Singh today in a written reply to a Lok Sabha question.